About Diploma in Architecture

Architecture comprises all design activity, from the macro level to the micro level. Architecture is the art and science of designing and erecting buildings. Architecture defines the structure or behavior of a building or any other kind of system that is to be or has been to be constructed. Architecture includes the process and product of planning, designing and construction form, the space and ambience that reflect functional, technical, social and aesthetic inclusions. It requires the creative manipulation and co-ordination of material, technology, light and shadow.


Diploma in Architecture Highlights

Course Duration

24 Months

(20 Months course and 4 months Project)

Learners

50000

Delivery Mode

Classroom Training

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WHO WILL BENEFIT

Students interested in construction
Civil Engineering Students
Specialisation for Civil Engineers and Architectural Engineers
Housewife who want to become free lancers in Interiors
Professionals who have completed Interior designing

COURSE CURRICULUM

1. BUILDING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION-I

Objective : The course will enable the learning in progression , starting from simple building elements, components, materials and construction techniques to develop strong sense of visualization.

  • Unit I:
  • Introduction:
    General introduction of various components of building and material from foundation to roof. Study of types of soils and its load bearing capacity
  • Unit II:
  • Bricks and Clay products: Brief study on manufacturing process of bricks- its properties –suitability- types of bricks – decorative brick work and jail work.
  • Unit III:
  • Mud as a building material – soil stabilization – use for walling and terracing.
  • Unit IV:
  • Drawings of different types Brick bonds, end junctions, attached and detached piers, jointing and pointing. Brick foundations for wall and piers. Cavity walls & rat trap bond. DPC and its uses. Plinth filling details. Types of arches in bricks
  • Unit V:
  • Stone: Classification of rocks- Building stones – their uses – physical properties – brief study of tests for Stone- deterioration – preservation of stone – various stone finishes – cutting and polishing of granites.
  • Unit VI:
  • Drawings of types of masonry – random rubble/Ashlar, etc. - cavity walls- flooring – copings, sills, lintels, corbels, Stone foundation for wall and piers. Types of arches in stones
2. ARCHITECTURAL GRAPHICS-I

Objective : The objective of this course is to understand the graphic fundamentals of Architectural drawing.

  • Unit I:
  • Introduction to drafting procedure, lines, lettering, Dimensioning, graphic codes and symbols
  • Unit II:
  • Construction of Architectural scales ( plain scales, diagonal scale, isometric scale). Reduction and enlargement of drawings on different scales.
  • Unit III:
  • Construction of basic and complex geometrical shapes and curves.

 

  • Unit IV:
  • Principles and projection methods of orthographic projection (third angle projection).Orthographic projection of simple, complex solids and hollow object.
  • Unit V:
  • Projection of straight lines, planes, solids, sections of solids and development of surfaces.
  • Unit VI:
  • Introduction to Architectural plans, Elevations and Sections.
3. HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE& CULTURE-I

Objective : Art and culture has supplemented architecture in the form of sculptures, paintings, murals art forms and designs. This course will enable the students to have a broad understanding of relationship between art , culture and architecture through various stages of history.

  • Unit I:
  • Introduction to the course – Old Stone Age – the agricultural revolution – The New stone age- Development of shelter.
  • Unit II:
  • River valley civilization and cultures – Indus, Tigris, Euphrates and Nile, its impact, Cultural and religious impact on Egyptian Architecture.
  • Unit III:
  • Comprehensive survey of Indian and Western sculptures of different periods, thematic study of cultural influence.

 

  • Unit IV:
  • Cave painting - Frescos and Murals of Ajanta, Bagh, Badami, Ellora, Hampi, etc; Mythological influence; Techniques and characteristics.
  • Unit V:
  • Miniature painting – Indian and Islamic miniature paintings; Influence of changing period; Artist, subjects and techniques
  • Unit VI:
  • Impressionism/Expressionism/Cubism/Futurism/ Abstract Art. Famous works of contemporary artist, sculptors and muralist of India and abroad.
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics.
4. COMPUTER GRAPHICS-I

Objective : The prime objective of this course is to introduce the fundamental concepts of computer systems; hardware and software and to develop basic skills in programming, Application of Information Technology tools and technical in Architecture.

  • Unit I: Introduction to computer
  • Technology of small computer system
  • Computer terminology operation principles of P.C.
  • Introduction to application software, and graphic system, and use of printers
  • scanner, plotter, File ‘management, etc.
  • Introduction to windows and its applications.
  • Introduction to Microsoft, Office, word, excel.
  • Introduction to Internet, using e-mail.
  • Unit II: Introduction to computer aided 2D drafting
  • Understanding the use of drawing tools
  • Object editing, drawing objects, filling and setting drawing units
  • scales, limits that size and dimensioning, texting.
  • Setting up of drawings of various simple architectural objects with complete text and dimensioning
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  • Unit III: Advance computer aided 2D Drafting
  • Advance command programming – transparent overlays hatching utilities
  • Assigned colour and line type
  • Use of multiline, style, block, symbol Library manipulation for accurate drawings
  • Incorporating the above said utilities.
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics
5. ENGLISH (COMMUNICATION SKILLS)

Objective : To develop skills in effective communication – both written and verbal. Understanding the differences among seminars. Conferences, convention, congress, debates, extempore speeches, panel discussions etc., Verbal presentations on architectural topics

  • Unit I: Language and communication
  • Spoken English and grammar
  • Technical composition (e.g., reports, papers essays) writing
  • Unit II: Public Speaking
  • Making sequences and framework for presentation
  • Importance of posture, gesture, pronunciation, tone etc. on presentation quality
  • Unit III: Architectural communications
  • Presenting simple, complex
  • Architectural concepts and proposal with the help of text
  • Drawings, transparencies, slides, video, photographs, models etc.

 

  • Unit IV: Computer aided presentation
  • Preparing simple and interactive slide shows and presentations using computer software Article review
  • Presentations and seminars
  • Unit V: Individual and group work on selected theme
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics
  • Sessional work
  • Assignments, reports and seminars on the above topics.
6. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN -I

Objective : The objective of the course is to provide an overview of the profession of Architecture and to develop a comprehensive understanding of Design fundamentals.

  • Introduction to Architecture
  • A brief summary of Architecture – its various definitions, aspects/dimensions, approaches through different ages and factors affecting architecture of a region.
  • Introduction to elements of Design like point, line, plane, solid and void etc. with respect to their expression quality.
  • Introduction and Importance of Design principles like Balance, Harmony, Rhythm, Contrast, Symmetry, Scale, Proportions etc. leading to unity in design.
  • Creation of two and three- dimensional composition of abstract and architectural nature.
  • Introduction to external and internal form concept, their quality, concept of space, relation of space and volume
  • Relationship between basic design and Architectural Design, comprehensive understanding of space, form, order and design.
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics. Viva Voce by external examiner at the end of Semester.
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    7. BUILDING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION STUDIO-I
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the topics given in subject 1SA1 Building Materials & Construction-I. Viva Voce by external examiner at the end of Semester.
    8. ARCHITECTURAL GRAPHICS STUDIO-I
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the topics given in subject 1SA2 Architectural Graphics-I. Viva Voce by external examiner at the end of Semester.
9. VISUAL ARTS STUDIO - I

Objective : To introduce the develop an understanding of principles of design in abstract and to introduce the student to visual arts.

  • Unit I: Introduction
  • The definition of art – the needs and meanings of the work of art
  • Technical language of the art
  • Technique of lookinan appreciation of art form
  • Unit II: The Techniques of Arts
  • Drawing – architecture – sculpture – paintings – printing minor arts glassware, stain glass, lithographic prints, etc.)
  • Industrual art ( Art Nouveau, Bauhaus )
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  • Unit III: Composition – Basic Design
  • Chaos to order scale, proportion, proximity, surface tension
  • balance and rhythm co-ordination skills (eye-mind-hand/ perceptual) drawing and painting:
    • - drawing with both the hand-lines and geometrical shapes
    • - plants and man made objects
  • Creative skills Media exploration
  • ideograms and art lettering.

 

  • Unit IV: Computer aided presentation
  • Basic Design – harmony character
  • negative and positive space
  • form – space inter relation, juxtaposition, and a contrast
  • Co-ordination skills: (Eye-mind-hand/perpetual) drawing and painting: indoor and outdoor sketching, life drawing (Rapid sketching of man in action/motion) creative skills: Sculpture or optics or kinetics.
  • Sessional work
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics. Viva Voce by external examiner at the end of Semester.
10. BUILDING MATERIALS & CONSTRUCTION-II

Objective : The course will enable the learning in progression, starting from simple building elements, components, materials and construction techniques to develop strong sense of visualization.

  • Unit I: Timber and allied products
  • Timber – Physical properties and uses – Defects
  • Conversion, Seasoning
  • decay and preservations of timber
  • Unit II:
  • Fire retardant treatment, anti-termite treatment
  • Industrial timbers – plywood, blockboard, particle borad, fibre boards
  • Manufacture and uses – current developments.
  • Unit III: Timber doors and windows
  • Drawings of timber joinery for windows, doors, ventilators
  • Types of timber doors such as ledged, braced and battened, panel, glazed, flush doors

 

  • Unit IV:
  • Types of windows such as Fixed, side and top hung, pivoted, louvered, ventilators and fanlights
  • Unit V:
  • Timber partitions, paneling, wall paneling
  • Timber staircases – Designed staircase
  • Unit VI:
  • Timber trusses – lean to – close couple
  • Kingpost – Queenpost – Trusses
11. ARCHITECTURAL GRAPHICS - II

Objective : The objective of this course is to understand the isometric view, perspective view and Sciography

  • Unit I: Measure drawings
  • Measured drawing of simple objects (like furniture, entrance gates, etc)
  • building components (like columns, cornice, door, window, etc.)
  • Unit II:
  • Introduction to architectural presentations techniques
  • isometric and oblique three dimensional views
  • conical projections, perspectives
  • one point and two point.
  • Unit III: Perspective
  • Introduction to basic terms
  • principles, types and techniques of perspective drawing: realistic expression of ideas.
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  • Unit IV:
  • Two point perspective of simple objects. (drafted and free hand) presentation of interior
  • exterior views in one point perspective. (drafted and free hand).
  • Unit V: Sciography
  • Introduction of basic principles of sciography and it’s application to the field of architecture
  • Sciography of two dimensional objects in plan and elevation
  • Unit VI:
  • Sciography of three dimensional objects in plan and elevation and views. (isometric, Axonometric and Perspective)
  • Sciography of simple building elements.
12. HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE - II

Objective : History of Architecture exposes the student to evolution of different architectural solutions through historical periods to understand the building materials, construction techniques, planning and designing features.

  • Unit I: Ancient India
  • Indus Valley Civilization – culture and pattern of settlement
  • Impact of Aryan culture – Vedic village and the rudimentary forms of bamboo and wood
  • Wooden construction under the Mauryan rule.
  • Unit III: Hindu Architecture
  • Evolution of Hindu Temple – Early shrines of the Gupta
  • chalukyan periods – Tigawa Temple, Ladh Khan and Durga Temple
  • Aihold, Papanatha and Virupaksha Temples, Pattadakal
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  • Unit IV: Dravidian Architecture
  • Dravidian culture – Rock cut productions under Pallavas – Shore Temple, Mahaballipuram – Dravidian Order – Brihadeeswara Temple
  • Tanjore – Evolution and form of Gopuram – Complexity in temple plan due to complexity in Ritual – Minakshi Temple, Madurai
  • Unit V: Indo Aryan style
  • Salient features of an Indo Aryan Temple
  • Lingaraja Temple, Bhuvaneswar – Sun temple, Konarak, Kunds and Vavs – Sabali Kund Vav – Adalaj – surya kund, Modhera
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics.
13. THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE-I

Objective : This course deals with the theory of architectural design as should be understood for professional practice. The principles covered are those pertaining primarily to visual and aesthetic aspects of architecture. Comparisons with nature and other forms of visual art are intended to be understood through study of examples.

  • Unit I: Introduction to Architecture
  • Definition of architecture
  • Elements of architecture backed by need and followed by fulfillment of need.
  • Unit II: Scope of Architectural Design
  • Architectural design – An analysis
  • Integration of aesthetic and function
  • Unit III: Architectural space and Mass
  • Mass and Space, Visual and Emotional effects of geometric froms and their derivatives – the sphere
  • The cube, the pyramid, the cylinder and cone

 

  • Unit IV: Aesthetic components of Design
  • Proportion, scale, balance, rhythm, symmetry, hierarchy, pattern and axis with building examples.
  • Unit V: Application of colour in architecture
  • Effect of colour in architecture – colour symbolism.
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics.
14. MECHANICS OF STRUCTURE - I

Objective : The course covers the simple types of structural elements followed by determination of forces and stresses in the elements.

  • Unit I:
  • Concurrent and non-concurrent coplanar forces
  • Moment, conditions of equilibrium
  • Unit II:
  • Statically determinant plane frames
  • Determination of forces in members of pin-jointed frames by analytical and graphical methods
  • Wind forces on frames
  • Unit III:
  • Stress, strain, hook’s law, laternal strain
  • Poisson’s ratio, yound’s modulus, modulus of rigidity, bulk modulus and their relationships

 

  • Unit IV:
  • Shear force and bending moment diagrams for strained beams subjected to concentrated and distributed loadings.
  • Unit V:
  • Centroid and moment of inertia of plain areas
  • parallel axis theorem, moment of inertia, principal axis
  • Unit VI:
  • Bending stresses and deflection in simply supported beams and cantilever beams.
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and tutorials on the above topics.
15. ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN - II

Objective : The prime objective of this course is to introduce architectural design as a process and as a final product; to understand fundamentals of space, form and order through basic perception of architectural skills.

 

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  • Basic Exercises :
  • Study of anthropometrics and their relationship with the dimensioning of objects of daily use viz. furniture, fixtures equipments vehicles, etc; determining space for activities, such as, living, dining, sleeping, conveniences, etc
  • Measured drawing of a sample small building, such as a small house or office, etc.
  • Simple circulation/flow diagrams for a small house or a small school or hostel or an office to understand the functional interrelationships of various spaces in building.
  • Three dimensional organization of a variety of forms to create built forms and importance of shades and shadows in the entire composition. Layout of repetitive units within a site to create interesting and functional compositions.
  • Design exercise (Two Nos.) of very small space structures or buildings such as, compound wall, gate, milk booth, vendor stall, guard room, cycle stand, bus stop. Etc.
  • Sessional work
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics. Viva Voce by external examiner at the end of Semester.
16. MODELLING WORKSHOP - I

Objective : The prime purpose of this course is to guide the students on model making and general principles of use of basic materials for constructional purposes for developing art skills.

  • Unit I:
  • Use of clay, Plaster of Paris, metal scrap
  • Jute fiber etc. for study of forms
  • Unit II:
  • Development of surfaces of simple and composite forms using paper
  • thermocole, wire

 

  • Unit III:
  • Models in appropriate materials for understanding joinery in wooden construction and bonds in masonry based on the programme of building, construction
  • Sessional work :
  • Assignments and drawing on the above topics. Viva Voce by external examiner at the end of Semester.