The robotic field is getting more and more complex, but there’s no need to worry since an army of engineers works to build an entire fleet of software and hardware to solve the problems that may appear. The integration of an enormous amount of sensors and actuators could be a real problem that is transferred also to the area of algorithms and to the hardware platforms dedicated to integrating robotic components.
The Robot Operating System (ROS) is engineered to solve the problems from the software side. It contains a series of libraries that support a wide range of sensors and actuators, you’re allowed to write a ROS driver for your sensor, it has a good integration with other robot middleware software like OpenCV, Point Cloud Library, etc., and it can run on single board computers such as Raspberry Pi or BeagleBone Black, or integrated with single boards based on microcontrollers such as the Arduino. The time is a very important resource and any tools that help you to develop a complete solution timely and with minimum resources is a maneuver to choose and run on the shortest path to the final project. The ROS library can help you to implement algorithms and cut down the time required to integrate an entire bag of components, it has support for parallel computing and provide you all the features and benefits of a complete OS.
From the development side, the ROS support a long list of development tools with the help of a large community of hobbyists that can share with you some tips and tricks, or any tutorial that can help you to discover the world of robots that run ROS.